Marie Skłodowska-Curie Projects

EGYARN: Unravelling the thread: textile production in New Kingdom Egypt (1550-1070 BCE)

By Chiara Spinazzi-Lucchesi

The EGYARN project proposes an innovative view of the textile production of New Kingdom Egypt, especially in the Theban area, as several sites around the capital have yielded exceptionally rich archaeological evidence. The goal is to understand how and where textiles were produced, which were the main non-domestic textile production centres, and how they were connected with other institutions and private workers. In addition, by means of careful analysis of study cases, like Gurob and Deir el-Medina, social contexts and economic aspects linked to the production of textiles will be investigated. The project will create a comprehensive and up-to-date information base, so as to understand the details of New Kingdom textile traditions and locate them in the Late Bronze Age production landscape between the Mediterranean basin and the southern reaches of Nilotic Africa. 
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Goods of the Earth: Making and Marketing in the Pre-Mongol Islamic World

By Corinne Mühlemann

In the project Goods of the Earth: Making and Marketing in the Pre-Mongol Islamic World I am scrutinizing the genre of the so-called ḥisba-manuals: Islamic legal sources which contain the available rules compiled by the muḥtasib or the market inspector. By investigating the Kitāb fī ādāb al-ḥisba al-Saqaṭī (d. around 1100), who was the market inspector of Málaga, I will demonstrate that his normative warnings contain detailed information about the quality of craft objects as well as their making and that this genre of legal text reflects the marketplace, its products and its artisan-craftsmen.
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Trans-PLANT: Transformational uses of dye plants on Linear B tablets. New approaches to cultural identity and technologies in the Bronze Age Aegean

By Rachele Pierini, 

The Trans-PLANT project aims to demonstrate how the knowledge coming from transformational uses of dyes transcends how the final product is perceived visually to address what is being communicated culturally. The project will explore the inter-relations between linguistics, history of science, and archaeology to analyse dye plants, technologies transforming them, and dyed goods like textiles and perfumed oil. In particular, I focus on:

  • Dyes terminology
    This analysis aims to examine dye plants in Linear B texts and use this terminology as a model of linguistic interaction to define transculturation by combining Aegean epigraphy with research on ancient technologies, cross-craft, cross-cultural textiles, and archaeology.
  • Technical knowledge and cultural identities
    • The first part of this section aims to investigate cross-craft and cross-cultural interactions by combining the reconstruction of the Mycenaean chaîne opératoire of dying in textiles and perfumed oils with the cultural dimension of these goods in Mycenaean and Minoan society;
    • The second part of this section aims to analyse roles and functions of particular colours in dyed goods like textiles and perfumed oils to show the dimension of coloured goods as a cultural media communicating identity, status, power, and gender.

The Trans-PLANT project will gather new information on ancient technologies and identities and will enable new discussion on vegetal dyes and the transfer of knowledge by proving new data on Linguistics, Aegean Epigraphy, History of Science, and Experimental Archaeology.