RECONTEXT: Reconstructing the history of Egyptian textiles from the 1st Millennium AD at the National Museum of Denmark

The overall aim of the project is to establish a history of the Egyptian textiles collection at the National Museum of Denmark (NMD): reconstructing the way the objects are acquired, their provenance as well as their original look and shape. 

One of the textiles purchased by the NMD from Robert Forrer (Inv. 3670_2)

One of the textiles purchased by the NMD from Robert Forrer (Inv. 3670_2). Photo: Inger Marie Helgasdatter Mulvad © National Museum of Denmark.

The NMD holds 108 fragments of textiles from Roman, Byzantine and Early Medieval Arab Egypt. The highlights of the collection are fragments identified as parts of tunics of various kinds. This collection has not been systematically studied, and since it has not been published, it remains inaccessible to the academic world as well as the general public.

The NMD acquired the first Egyptian textiles from the art market of the late 19th and early 20th century. Most of the European museums and collections acquired their Egyptian textiles in the same way. Many textiles were divided and sent to different museums either by the collectors themselves or by the museum staff. Frequently, the most legible, visually appealing part of an ornament has been cut, leaving behind a puzzle with few clues as to the cloth's original overall appearance. The fabrics were purchased by the NMD from an Austrian antique dealer, Theodor Graf and from a Swiss archaeologist and collector, Robert Forrer.

Eventually in the 1930s, 15 pieces were transferred from the University College London (UCL) to Copenhagen by Margrethe Hald. The London textiles most likely belong to the collection of Egyptian antiquities sold to the UCL by an English Egyptologist, Flinders Petrie. M. Hald also studied some textiles from the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, and it seems that these textiles were brought to Denmark in the 1930s and were never returned.





Name Title Phone E-mail
Mokdad, Ulrikka Academic Research Officer   E-mail


Dr. Anne Haslund Hansen Curator and Senior Researcher The National Museum of Denmark


RECONTEXT is funded by Aage og Johanne Louis-Hansens Fond and Beckett-Fonden.

Conducted in close collaboration with the National Museum of Denmark.

This one-year project was launched on 1 May 2021.


PI: Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert, Post-doc. Research Fellow at CTR.